What is Botox
Botox is a medication used for skin treatment. It is used to prevent wrinkles on the skin by inhibiting the movement of facial muscles. It is derived from a toxin botulinum(produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria) but it is purified and the dose is adjusted to be used in cosmeceuticals. It temporarily reduces muscle contractions for approximately 3 months.
Composition of Botox
Botox contains botulinum toxin (Type A), plasma protein albumin and sodium chloride as active ingredients
Botox injections are noted primarily for the ability to reduce the appearance of some facial wrinkles. They are also used to treat such problems as neck spasms, excessive sweating, overactive bladder, excessive blinking, and lazy eye. Botox injections may also help prevent chronic migraines in some people.
How it works?
Botox targets the nervous system and neurons in it. Contraction of facial muscles cause wrinkling. Botox injections work by blocking the nerve transmission so that the muscles relax, as a result, the appearance of wrinkles on skin becomes mild.
Botox Side Effects
If the procedure is carried out under the supervision of a medical practitioner, side effects are rare.
- Redness and bruising of the skin at the injection site may occur.
- Difficulty in swallowing and breathing.
- Blurred vision and flu-like symptoms.
- A mild headache and nausea.
Botox for Lips
Botox is injected in the lip area for cosmetic benefits. It is used to change the appearance of lips. It can minimize creases of upper and lower lips, curl up the lips so that they look larger, enhance the upper lips (Botox lip flip).
Botox for Eyes
Botox can improve common vision disorders and provide relief for many people with these eye problems. Botox is widely used for twitching eyelids (blepharospasm), crossed eyes (strabismus).
Botox for Frown Lines
Some people want to relax their frown line to reduce the look of tension or anger. This wrinkle relaxers can be used cosmetically for forehead lines and frown lines by acting as dermal fillers.
Botox for bruxism and TMJ (temporomandibular joint)
Bruxism is the medical term for unconscious teeth grinding By injecting small doses of botox directly into the masseter muscle, the muscle is weakened enough to stop involuntary grinding of the teeth and clenching of the jaw. This significantly relaxes the muscle and reduces the wear and tear on the teeth due to grinding. Damage to the TMJ and resultant headache is reduced as well. Voluntary movements of the face are not affected at all by botox.
Botox for Bladder
Botulinum toxin injections can also help reduce urinary incontinence caused by an overactive bladder. Botox works by calming the nerves that usually over stimulate your bladder muscles and lead to an urgent feeling of needing to urinate.
Botox for Migraine
Botox is only FDA-approved for chronic migraines. If migraine lasts for more than 15 days a month, botulinum toxin injections may help to reduce headache frequency in adults over 18.
The cost for Botox may range from $125 to $400 per treatment area. On average, treatments are repeated every three to four months. Multiple areas can be under treatment at one time.
Author: Sana Khalid