How to write a professional CV and a Resume?


CV and Resume is the basic document that every person needs for getting admission, any scholarship, internship or job. There are some similarities and differences in writing these two application documents.

This article is about to share each and every detail about a professional and decent CV and Resume.

What is a CV?

CV derived from a Latin word Curriculum vitae which means “course of life”. A shorter CV is of 2-page length and can be longer up to 5 pages. CV includes all your previous information.

CV submitted for jobs and other applications are credential-based with a comprehensive listing of work experience, education, and extracurricular activities.

Mostly CV is used for academic applications like fellowships and grants. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and New Zealand, CV used to describe all job applications.

A CV is written in a chronological order. A good CV may include:

  • You can add your own passport or any decent picture or your logo, your company logo.
  • Personal profile/ Personal detail that might consist of your full name, address, contact, email as well as objective.
  • Academic Qualification/ Education, you can add your degrees, postgraduate, graduate, doctorate any short courses or diplomas.
  • In Work Experience, you can add internships, any job or anything you get paid for. It can be related to your previous work or non-related. If you don’t have any work experience or you are freshly graduate you can add Voluntary or Community Service instead, or any work you have done during your graduation in a society.
  • Awards and Achievements, any awards, scholarships, fee waivers, medals, trophies, and certificates included in this section.
  • Seminars/Conferences/Workshops/Sessions/Competitions/Involvements/Participations you attended, organized, participated, presented and partaken might take in there.
  • Research work/Articles/Journals Published if you have any work published through any website or journal included in this section.
  • Skills/Qualities/Attributes, you can add any skills that you possess job-related or related to your education, your command on any software or any of your expertise.
  • Memberships, if you are a member of any society, NGO’S, a website can be added here.
  • The last one is References, a person who is not in your blood relations and friends can give the recommendation, your teacher, your non-academic mentor, coach or a person who know you in that capacity. You can add 2 or 3 references.

What is a Resume?

A resume is a French word means “to sum up” or “Summary”. A shorter resume is of 1 page and length of 2 pages. Resume does not include full details of your academics.

Resume can be written in reverse chorology, functional or in combination formats.  Mostly the resumes used in America and Canada. Resume used only for job applications.

Most resumes are competency-based the purpose of the resume is to make an individual be distinct and highlighted from the competition. A resume includes:

  • Personal profile
  • Education
  • Work history/Experience
  • Publications
  • Skills


Differences between a CV and a Resume:

The basic difference between an International CV and a US Resume is that the employer needs much more information about you than on the resume.

You can change or update the content of your resume according to your job application and the CV remains the same for every application.

CV is the full record of your experiences and resume is targeted list of experiences. Resume emphasizes more on skills relating job and CV stresses more on academic accomplishments and achievements.

You can create your CV and then summarize your CV into a resume. One can add infographics in a CV or Resume to slit out in a crowd of applications.

The important thing for a CV and Resume is a proper and decent formatting, Font Style and size. Currently, if you don’t have one I recommend start creating your document.


Author: Tehrema Khalid

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