‘’ God create the nature, nature prove the existence of God’’
Nothing is more beautiful then nature. Nature is something that consoles us, Relaxation for our mind, heart and body. Forests explore nature. Our survival totally depend on forests, we breathe from its air, fire from its wood. Forests give watershed armament, anticipate soil erosion and pacify climate change.
Ten Important forests
- Amazon Rainforest(1/10)
- Boreal Forest (2/10)
- Congo Basin Rainforest (3/10)
- Daintree Rainforest (4/10)
- Ecuador Cloud Forest (5/10)
- Himalayan subtropical pine forests (6/10)
- Mexico Forests (7/10)
- Borneo Forests (8/10)
- New Guinea (9/10)
- Valdivian temperate rain forest (10/10)
Name: Amazon rainforest
Located: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia,
Guyana, Suriname, France (French Guiana)
Area: 5,500,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq. mi)
The Amazon perform over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests, and cover the largest and most bio diverse estate of tropical rainforest in the world, with an appraisement 390 billion diacritic trees divided into 16,000 species.
Name: Boreal forest
Predominant tree species: northern Canada white spruce, black spruce, balsam fir, jack pine, white birch, trembling aspen, tamarack, willow
Biome: Terrestrial subarctic, humid
Countries: Taiga forest stretches across Canada, the USA’s Alaska, Sweden, Finland and Norway, Russia, northern Kazakhstan, northern Mongolia, and northern Japan.
Boreal, also known as taiga forest or snow forest is a biome designated by coniferous forests subsisting mostly of pines, spruces, and larches. The boreal is the world’s largest biome apart from the oceans.
Name: Congo Rainforest
Located: Central and Western part of Equatorial Africa.
Predominant tree species: The Congo Rainforest comprises over 8,000 species of plants, many types of African trees, including Lianas, Oil Palm, African mahogany, okume and Teak trees.
The Congo rainforest is culvert by the Congo River, which is Africa’s most dominant river and the second largest river (by volume) in the world, after the Amazon River and its tributaries. The Congolese forests are a broad belt of lowland equatorial watery broadleaf forest Eco region of the steamy and subtropical clammy broadleaf forests Biome, which enhance transversely the basin of the Congo River and its tributaries in Central Africa.
Name: Daintree Rainforest
Located: north east coast of Queensland, Australia, north of Mossman and Cairns
Area: 1,200 square kilometers (460 sq. mi)
The equatorial rainforest ecosystem of the Daintree Rainforest is one of the largest circuitous on Earth. Its plant divergence and structural complication is incomparable on the Australian continent and equates the origins of other Australian flora.
Ecuador Cloud Forest:
Name: Ecuador Cloud Forest
Located: Pichincha, Quito
A cloud forest, also called a water forest, is a extensively steamy or subtropical, evergreen, montane, clammy forest discriminate by a constant, familiar or seasonal low-level cloud cover. Cloud forests usually show an ampleness of mosses covering the ground and vegetation, in which case they are also mention to as mossy forests. Mossy forests generally establish on the stapling of mountains, where moisture introduced by settling clouds is more effectively absorb.
Himalayan subtropical pine forests:
Name: Himalayan subtropical pine forests
Countries: India, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan
Area: 76,200 km² (29,400 sq. mi)
Biome: Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
Himalayan forests are land of plenteous biodiversity, containing a number of wild comestible. This enormous pine forest dimension for 3000 km across the lower eminence of the jumbo Himalaya range for essentially its absolute length containing parts of Pakistan’s Punjab Province in the west through Azad Kashmir, the northern Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan, which is the eastern ambit of the pine forest.
Name: Mexico Forest
Area: The forests of Mexico cover a surface area of about 64 million hectares, or 34.5% of the country.
Biome: tropical forests, temperate forests, cloud forests, riparian forests, deciduous, evergreen, dry, moist, etc.
Mexico is upscale in temperate and equatorial forests. The country acquires 1.3 percent of the world’s total forest assests, with one-quarter of Mexico’s total land area classified as forest area. The country bluster the richest number of pine and oak species in the world. Other observable trees include mahogany, zapote and ceiba the sacred tree of the Maya.
Name: Borneo Forests
Countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north, and Indonesia to the south.
Area: 427,500 square kilometers (165,100 sq. mi)
Borneo is the third-largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), and establish south of Hong Kong, east of Singapore, and north of Western Australia. It is divided into four political divisions. The biggest part, the southern region of Kalimantan, is part of Indonesia.
New Guinea Forest:
Name: New Guinea Forest
Countries: New Guinea is shared by 2 countries – Papua New Guinea to the east and Indonesia to the west.
Area: 300,000 sq. km / 116,000 sq. mi
This Eco region has some of the maximum bio diverse lowland rainforests in the world, providing imperative abode for many different species of birds, mammals, and a diversity of animals living on the water’s edge. The island has one of the major deforestation rates in the world. Biggest threats are the dilation of human habitation and an increase in oil palm and coffee plantations.
Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest:
Name: Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest
Countries: Chile and Argentina
Area: 248,100 km2 (95,800 sq. mi)
Biome: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
The Valdivian Forests of Argentina and Chile are the exclusive temperate rainforests in South America. The Valdivian temperate forests are an Eco region on the west coast of southern South America, in Chile and enhance into Argentina. It is part of the Neotropical Eco zone. The forests are named after the city of Valdivia.
Author: Iram Iqbal