Status of Women in Islam

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Unequal, subjugated, repressed and subordinate are the adjectives usually have been associated with the status of Muslim women by the western societies. These stereotypical notions have been falsely perceived by the modern world without paying a slight attention to the facts while fails to identify the reality that Islam was the first religion to honor women with the unprecedented rights at a time when female children did not have the right to live and were infanticide immediately after being born. Islam gave them right to live by prohibiting infanticide, to get education, to marry someone of their own choice, to divorce, to inherit property and other social rights.

Islam has manifested equality for both Women and men since they have been embarked onto the temporary expedition of this World. In Holy Quran Allah says

“O mankind! Fear your Lord Who (initiated) your creation from a single soul, then from it created its mate, and from these two spread (the creation of) countless men and women.” (al-Qur’an, 4:1)

This Verse clearly explains that men and women are produced from a single soul and as s a gender; one is not superior to the other. Spiritually, both genders are identical in Allah’s sight. Allah (SWT) declares in Holy Quran

“Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you…” (49:13).

Moreover at another place in Holy Quran Allah (SWT) establishes the equality of both genders

“To whoever, male or female, does good deeds and has faith, We shall give a good life and reward them according to the best of their actions.” (16:97).

Although Islam clearly states that men and women are similar in status, however it also identifies that they are not identical.

“And the male is not like the female”(Al-Imran, 3:36).

Considering their differences in psychological and psychological factors, both genders have been assigned different roles to perform. Allah has established the system and granted individual identities to both genders. For the purpose to guarantee the balanced functioning of society, Islam made a dissection in responsibility and sets out specific roles for both men and women.
In Islam, factually, women enjoy more privilege, respect and honor in comparison to their male counterparts which is contrary to the prejudicially perceived assumptions of the modern world.

As Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has stated, ““When a boy is born, then he brings one Noor (light) and when a girl is born, then she brings two Noors.”

In Holy Quran, Allah has dedicated an entire chapter to women, named Surah-an-Nisa. The unparalleled importance has been attributed to the Muslim women’s roles by making them a gateway to Paradise, as for mother, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) says,

“Paradise is under the feet of mothers.” (Nasai, Jihad, 6)

For daughter Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has stated;

“One who loves his daughters and withstands the hardship of grooming and getting them married, Almighty Allah makes Jannah compulsory (Waajib) on him and keeps him protected from the Fire of Hell.”

And,

“If parents are kind and generous towards their daughters, then they will be so close to Him (The Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) in Jannah, like one finger is to the next.”

By giving emphasis on the equality in the relationship between husband and wife, Allah says in Holy Quran

“They (your wives) are your garment and you are a garment for them.” (Qur’an, 2: 187).

In a nutshell, Islam has established an empowered and respected position of women in the society based on the set patterns put forth by Allah (SWT) and His Prophet (peace be upon him). Islam liberates woman from following falsely made archaic conventional traits and enable them to get education, to make decision about their marriage, and get financially strong by having the right to inherit property. The real traditions of Islam have been manipulated by getting mixed with cultural traditions. A true picture of Islamic traditions can only be portrayed when Ummah purely starts implementing on them.

Author: Arooba Haq

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